The Foods eaten by the people of Armenia

Armenian cuisine has a rich history shaped by the country's geographical location, religious traditions, and cultural exchanges with neighboring regions. Situated at a crossroads between Europe and Asia, Armenia has been influenced by various culinary traditions, including those of the Caucasus, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean. Over the last 500 years, some core elements of Armenian cuisine have remained relatively consistent, while others have evolved or been introduced through trade and cultural exchange.


  • Lavash: This is a thin, soft flatbread that is a staple in Armenian cuisine and often used as a utensil for scooping food or as a wrap for kebabs and vegetables.
  • Bulgur: Used in dishes like "eetch" or "korkot," which are similar to pilaf or tabbouleh.


  • Lamb: One of the most common meats, used in a variety of dishes such as kebabs and stews.
  • Pork and Beef: Also consumed, but less frequently than lamb.
  • Chicken: Used in various dishes, often grilled or cooked in stews.


  • Yogurt: Consumed plain or used in dishes like "spas," a yogurt and wheat soup, and "matsun," a fermented milk product similar to yogurt.
  • Cheese: Varieties like "Lori," "Chanakh," and "Feta" are common.

Fruits and Vegetables:

  • Apricots: Armenia is believed to be one of the original homes of the apricot, and it is widely consumed fresh, dried, or as preserves.
  • Plums, Cherries, and Pomegranates: Also commonly consumed.
  • Tomatoes and Cucumbers: Key ingredients in Armenian salads.


  • Lentils and Chickpeas: Often used in soups and stews.

Nuts and Seeds:

  • Walnuts: Used in various dishes, including desserts and sauces.

Herbs and Spices:

  • Parsley, Mint, Dill, and Cilantro: Commonly used herbs.
  • Red and Black Pepper, Coriander, and Fenugreek: Spices that are frequently used.


  • Coffee: Armenian coffee, similar to Turkish coffee, is a staple.
  • Tea: Also consumed, especially herbal teas.
  • Tutovka: A mulberry vodka, is a traditional alcoholic beverage.

Sweets and Desserts:

  • Gata: A sweet bread often filled with nuts or sweetened semolina.
  • Sujukh: A confection made of walnuts and grape molasses.

Other Elements:

  • Eggplant: Often used as a base for appetizers or integrated into stews.
  • Grapes: Consumed fresh and also used to make wine and molasses.

As with many ancient cultures, Armenia's cuisine has evolved over time, adapting new ingredients and techniques while maintaining traditional foundations. The last 500 years have seen the continuation of these age-old culinary traditions, influenced by the various empires and nations that have interacted with Armenia, as well as the Armenian diaspora.

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